Study guides for human anatomy and physiology. A great reviewer for students studying nursing. Check out our practice test questions for each guide! Since we started inNurseslabs has become one of the most trusted nursing sites helping thousands of aspiring nurses achieve their goals. Our ultimate goal is to help address the nursing shortage by inspiring aspiring nurses that a career in nursing is an excellent choice, guiding students to become RNs, and for the working nurse — helping them achieve success in their careers.

general anatomy notes

Sign in. Log into your account. Password recovery. Care Plans. Special senses are more specialized in structure and are bounded and confined to specific parts of the body. The special senses are smell, taste, sight, hearing, and balance. It transports everything that must be carried from one place to another within the body- nutrients, wastes headed for elimination from the body and body heat through blood vessels. Long before modern medicine, blood was viewed as magical, because when it drained from the body, life departed as well.

The lymphatic system includes lymph, lymphocytes, lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, tonsils, the spleen, and the thymus gland.

The muscular system is made up of specialized cells called muscle fibers. Their main function is contractibility. Muscles, connected to bones or internal organs and blood vessels, are in charge for movement. Almost every movement in the body is the outcome of muscle contraction. The major endocrine organs of the body include the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pineal and thymus glands, the pancreas, and the gonads.

The regulatory functions of the nervous and endocrine systems are similar in some aspects, but differ in such ways. The skeletal system consists of bones and their associated connective tissues, including cartilage, tendons, and ligaments. It consists of dynamic, living tissues that are capable of growth, detect pain stimuli, adapt to stress, and undergo repair after injury.

The nervous system is involved in some way in nearly every body function.Anatomy is the very first subject thought in medical schools. And to study human gross anatomy effectively, one must study general anatomy first because it is the basics for anatomy. If you want to learn gross anatomy, you must learn general anatomy first.

Mostly all of the general anatomy is covered in the first Introduction chapter of detailed Gross anatomy books. But if you want to study it in more detail, you must consider a separate book of Human General anatomy. One of the best book that i have studied myself id BD Chaurasia handbook of general anatomy. You can read our review of this book below:. There is a separate book for gross anatomy. The best thing about this book is that, it has written very detailed buy easy to understand notes.

You can download BD chaurasia ebook pdf below. You can also order it in hard copy. Before downloading this book, first read some of its features. Download BD Chaurasia handbook of general anatomy pdf 4th edition free using download button below:.

Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Blog - Latest News. Download File. Download File Now. Facebook 0. Twitter 0. Pinterest 0. LinkedIn 0. Thank u very much…. Thanks a lot Reply. How to dwnld this anatomy book 5th addition?? Tell me plz. I too need 5th edition … many of my friends also waiting for it Reply.

Is it uploaded??? I need to read it.Anatomy--study of body structure; the names of the body parts. Physiology--study of the functions of the body parts. Anatomical Position--body erect, feet on floor and slightly apart, head and palms facing forward. In which body position do you find this diagram? Draw arrows showing the direction of each of the terms from the notes on the left. Use the diagram below to practice pointing out the various body cavities. Can you name at least one organ found in each cavity?

Tissues--groups of similar cells working together. Organs--groups of similar tissues working together. Systems--organs working together to perform a specific body function. In what system would you find the following organs? Definitions A. Anatomy--study of body structure; the names of the body parts 1.

general anatomy notes

What is the difference between anatomy and physiology? What are the two types of anatomy? What is the difference between cytology and histology? Major Gross Body Regions A. Did you label your "naked" man diagram?

Did you practice labeling on the diagram section of this web page? Have you made your flash card for extra practice and study? Fill in the diagram with the abdominal regions. Body Positions A. Anatomical Position--body erect, feet on floor and slightly apart, head and palms facing forward 1. Directional Terms 1. Body Planes 1. Body Cavities 1. Basic Structural Levels A. Cells--the basic unit of life B. Tissues--groups of similar cells working together 1.

Organs--groups of similar tissues working together D. Systems--organs working together to perform a specific body function 1. What are the four structural levels of the human body? Name as many organelles found in animal cells as you know. What are the four tissue types? Give one example of each. Define: epi hypo hyper gastric trans anat In what system would you find the following organs?Also, the Anatomy Shelf Notes PDF file has been uploaded to our online repository for the safer downloading of the file.

So, happy free ebook download! Step-1 assesses the understanding and application of basic science knowledge to practice medicine in the USA. Also, It is concerned with the principles and mechanisms which are being applied regarding health, disease, and therapy.

Step-1 emphasizes the knowledge of the basic sciences and an evaluation of their concepts. Best Wishes to all. Furthermore, please bear in mind that we do not own copyrights to these books.

general anatomy notes

And therefore, we highly encourage our visitors to purchase original books from the respected publishers. Consequently, If someone with copyrights wants us to remove this content, please contact us immediately. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

Saturday, April 18, Chances For Youth. By Eric Brown. Please enter your comment! Please enter your name here. You have entered an incorrect email address! July 3, July 6, August 14, Some specializations within each of these sciences follow:.

BD Chaurasia Human Anatomy PDF Free Download [All Volumes]

Each perspective provides information about how or why a living system functions:. In many cases, stable conditions are maintained by negative feedback. Conditions are constantly monitored by receptors and evaluated by the control center. When the control center determines that conditions have returned to normal, corrective action is discontinued.

Thus, in negative feedback, the variant condition is canceled, or negated, so that conditions are returned to normal. The regulation of glucose concentration in the blood illustrates how homeostasis is maintained by negative feedback. After a meal, the absorption of glucose a sugar from the digestive tract increases the amount of glucose in the blood. In response, specialized cells in the pancreas alpha cells secrete the hormone insulin, which circulates through the blood and stimulates liver and muscle cells to absorb the glucose.

Once blood glucose levels return to normal, insulin secretion stops. Later, perhaps after heavy exercise, blood glucose levels may drop because muscle cells absorb glucose from the blood and use it as a source of energy for muscle contraction. In response to falling blood glucose levels, another group of specialized pancreatic cells beta cells secretes a second hormone, glucagon.

Glucagon stimulates the liver to release its stored glucose into the blood. When blood glucose levels return to normal, glucagon secretion stops. Such positive feedback is uncommon but does occur during blood clotting, childbirth labor contractionslactation where milk production increases in response to an increase in nursingand sexual orgasm. In order to accurately identify areas of the body, clearly defined anatomical terms are used.

These terms refer to the body in the anatomical position—standing erect, facing forward, arms down at the side, with the palms turned forward. In this position, the following apply:. Previous Organic Molecules. Next Quiz Organic Molecules. Removing book from your Reading List will also remove any bookmarked pages associated with this title. Are you sure you want to remove bookConfirmation and any corresponding bookmarks?

My Preferences My Reading List. Anatomy and Physiology. What Is Anatomy and Physiology? Quiz: What is Anatomy and Physiology? Adam Bede has been added to your Reading List!Although not the bible of anatomy, it still holds its place throughout the learning process of the initial semesters. Just scroll down as the Google Drive links of the pdf version are given below for free.

The three parts of book consists of following:. The book has super illustrations and also holds special as it has MCQ based questions along with it. The drawings are so fine and clear with different colors to explain the details. The book also depicts clinical pictures of the same as the reader gets deep into the book.

Clinical History Taking and Examination Guide. Fever: History Taking of Patient. Respiratory System Examination Skills. Abdomen Examination Skills. Cough Clinical History Questions to ask Patients. Blood Test Interpretation Skills. IV Cannula Insertion Skills. Learning to Read X-Ray: Basics. Basics of ECG: Simplified.

BD Chaurasia Human Anatomy review:

Common Emergency Drugs in Casualty Wards. Anemia: The Clinical Approach you never knew. You can download the Vishram Singh Anatomy book by links given below. If the link is not working, do let us know using the comments section, we will readily update it.

If you are unable to locate the links, please refresh the page. Part 1: Upper Limb and Thorax Download. Part 2: Abdomen and Lower Limb Download. Part 3: Head, Neck and Brain Download.

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Sign in Join. Sign in. Log into your account. Sign up.Simply stated, human anatomy is the study of the parts of the human body. Human anatomy includes both gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy.

Gross anatomy includes those human structures that can be seen with the naked eye. Gross anatomy can be compared to the structure of a house as shown in a blueprint of a house or by looking at and inspecting a house in person with the naked eye.

As you look at the house's interior and exterior you will see a foundation, a roof, doors, windows, floors, a plumbing system, an electrical system, ceilings, etc. Similarly, when you view the exterior and interior of the human body with the naked eye, you are able to see its gross anatomy. For example, as you look at the human body with the naked eye, you will see its interior when the inner parts of the body are exposed, and you will see the exterior of the intact body.

You will see the human's skeletal foundation, you will see the head as its roof, you will see the doors and windows in terms of the body's openings such as the mouth, the floor as the feet, an internal plumbing system with the external and internal structures and organs of the urinary and digestive systems, and you will see the brain and the heart, when exposed, as the electrical system of the body. Microscopic anatomy, as contrasted to gross anatomy, is the study of those parts of the human body that cannot be seen with the naked eye.

Structures that are viewed only with a microscope are structures included in the study of microscopic anatomy. Microscopic anatomy is further divided into the exploration of the histological and cytological studies.

Cytology is the branch of microscopic anatomy that studies the cells and histology is the branch of microscopic anatomy that studies tissues. Below are some terms relating to anatomy, anatomical structures and anatomical directions that you must be familiar with. The anatomical position, with terms of relative location noted. The anatomical position is the frame of reference for many other terms relating to anatomy, anatomical structures and anatomical directions.

Anatomy & Physiology

The anatomical position consists of a standing upright person facing forward with the person's arms on their sides next to the body and the feet together. What makes the anatomical position different from a normal standing position is the fact that the palms of the hands are unnaturally facing forward rather than naturally facing the leg, as you can see in the picture above.

Simply stated, the anatomical planes of the human body are imaginary lines going through the body that give us some point of reference when we are studying anatomy. The frontal plane, also referred to as the coronal plane, which is shown in the picture above, is the imaginary line that separates the front from the back of the body.

The term used for the front of the body is the ventral surface and the term used for the back of the body is the dorsal surface of the body. The transverse plane, also referred to as the cross sectional plane, which is shown in the picture above, is the imaginary line that separates the top of the body at the waist from the bottom of the body.

The sagittal plane, also referred to as the medial plane, which is shown in the picture above, is the imaginary line that separates the right side of the body from the left side of the body. The term anterior is a relative and comparative directional term that is used to describe that a bodily part or anatomical structure is closer to the front of the body than another bodily part or anatomical structure. For example, the sternum, or breast bone, is anterior to the heart.

The term posterior is a relative and comparative directional term that is used to describe that a bodily part or anatomical structure is further behind another bodily part or anatomical structure. For example, the lungs are posterior to the ribs. Cells are the basic building blocks of the human body and the bodies of all other living species, including other mammals and plant life. Some living organisms like the amoeba and the paramecium are one celled, or unicellular, living bodies, but, for the most part, living organisms are made up of trillions and trillions of cells.

There are two different types of cells. These are prokaryotes and eukaryotes.


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